Gustave Eiffel was a French engineer who designed and oversaw construction of the Eiffel Tower. Dijon, (France). Die Spannweite der Brücke von 165 m, aber noch mehr ihre gewaltige Höhe von 122 m, stellten große Ansprüche an die Fähigkeiten Eiffels, bzw. Edouard EIFFEL was born on month day 1866, at birth place, to Alexandre Gustave EIFFEL and Geneviève Emilie EIFFEL (born GAUDELET). At the same time he was employed by Jean-Baptiste Kranz to assist him in the design of the exhibition hall for the Exposition Universelle which was to be held in 1867. 1858 ernannte man ihn zum leitenden Ingenieur beim Bau einer 500 Meter langen Eisenbahnbrücke über die Garonne in Bordeaux (später Passerelle Eiffel genannt), die im Juli 1860 eröffnet wurde[3] und als sein erstes Bauwerk gilt. Dezember 1880 durch Gerichtsbeschluss in Eiffel ändern. Although no more than 250 men were employed on the site, a prodigious amount of exacting preparatory work was entailed: the drawing office produced 1,700 general drawings and 3,629 detail drawings of the 18,038 different parts needed. 1862 heiratete er die Französin Marie Gaudelet, mit der er fünf Kinder hatte, drei Mädchen und zwei Jungen. Bonickhausen dit Eiffel (genannt Eiffel). Gustave Eiffel starb 1923 im Alter von 91 Jahren und wurde auf dem Friedhof von Levallois-Perret, nordwestlich von Paris, beigesetzt. [12] However, shortly afterwards Nepveu's company went bankrupt, Nepveu found Eiffel a job designing a 22 m (72 ft) sheet iron bridge for the Saint Germaine railway. [26], "To bring our arguments home, imagine for a moment a giddy, ridiculous tower dominating Paris like a gigantic black smokestack, crushing under its barbaric bulk Notre Dame, the Tour Saint-Jacques, the Louvre, the Dome of les Invalides, the Arc de Triomphe, all of our humiliated monuments will disappear in this ghastly dream. Work on the foundations started on 28 January 1887. Die längsten Brücken und die … Genealogy for Joseph Alexandre Édouard Eiffel (1866 - 1933) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Eiffel zeigte Durchhaltevermögen, diplomatische Menschenkenntnis und vor allem großes Organisationstalent, immer die geeignetsten Fachleute für seine Projekte zu gewinnen und zusammenzuführen. Thus he attacks his answer by the aesthetic criterion, arguing that we can only judge on the piece because it is not yet built. The same year the company was given the contract for the Garabit viaduct, a railway bridge near Ruynes en Margeride in the Cantal département. Edouard had 4 siblings: Albert EIFFEL … After discussing the technical problems and emphasising the practical uses of the tower, he finished his talk by saying that the tower would symbolise[24].mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, "not only the art of the modern engineer, but also the century of Industry and Science in which we are living, and for which the way was prepared by the great scientific movement of the eighteenth century and by the Revolution of 1789, to which this monument will be built as an expression of France's gratitude.". Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 22. The design of the Eiffel Tower was originated by Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, who had discussed ideas for a centrepiece for the 1889 Exposition Universelle. Statt die Brücke – wie üblich – als Vollwandträger auszuführen, konstruierte Eiffel den Überbau als leichte Fachwerkkonstruktion, die er auch künftig bevorzugte. Dezember 1832 als Alexandre Gustave Bonickhausen dit Eiffel[1] in Dijon; † 27. Auch in der Geburtsurkunde von Alexandre Gustave Eiffel ist „Bonickhausen dit Eiffel“ eingetragen. Due to his mother's business commitments, Gustave spent his childhood living with his grandmother, but nevertheless remained close to his mother, who was to remain an influential figure until her death in 1878. Eiffel had meteorological measuring equipment placed on the tower in 1889, and also built a weather station at his house in Sèvres. Gustave Eiffel ist am 27. Michel Gaudart de Soulages, Hubert Lamant: Archives nationales: BB/11/1473 dossier 3121x78. die seiner Mitarbeiter. [38], In 1913 Eiffel was awarded the Samuel P. Langley Medal for Aerodromics by the Smithsonian Institution. November 2020 um 13:37 Uhr bearbeitet. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (15 Desember 1832 – 27 Desember 1923) was 'n Franse strukturele en lugvaart ingenieur.Hy is gebore in Dijon.Hy behaal sy graad met lof aan die École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures.Hy was aanvanklik geïnteresseerd in strukturele ingenieurswese en voltooi die spoorwegbrug oor die Garonnerivier in Bordeaux.In 1889 voltooi hy die Eiffel-toring. At 2.35 Eiffel hoisted a large tricolour, to the accompaniment of a 25-gun salute fired from the lower level.[30]. [23] Initially Eiffel showed little enthusiasm, although he did sanction further study of the project, and the two engineers then asked Stephen Sauvestre to add architectural embellishments. In 1879 the partnership with Seyrig was dissolved, and the company was renamed the Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel. Eiffel devised a structure consisting of a four legged pylon to support the copper sheeting which made up the body of the statue. [34] The later American-built canal used new lock designs (see History of the Panama Canal). [11], Die väterlichen Vorfahren Gustave Eiffels trugen den Namen „Bonickhausen-Eiffel“ bzw. "[35] The company changed its name to La Société Constructions Levallois-Perret, with Maurice Koechlin as managing director. [21], In 1881 Eiffel was contacted by Auguste Bartholdi who was in need of an engineer to help him to realise the Statue of Liberty. Mai 1889 Eröffnung feierte. [7] The family adopted the name Eiffel as a reference to the Eifel mountains in the region from which they had come. mars 31, 1889 Interest. [25] Eiffel later established a separate company to manage the tower. In 1857 Nepveu negotiated a contract to build a railway bridge over the river Garonne at Bordeaux, connecting the Paris-Bordeaux line to the lines running to Sète and Bayonne, which involved the construction of a 500 m (1,600 ft) iron girder bridge supported by six pairs of masonry piers on the river bed. Daraufhin übergab er seine Gesellschaft Eiffel & Cie. an seinen Mitarbeiter Maurice Koechlin und zog sich aus dem Geschäft zurück. This was less than a quarter of the estimated cost of six and a half million francs. At the end of 1866 Eiffel managed to borrow enough money to set up his own workshops at 48 Rue Fouquet in Levallois-Perret. Dezember 1923 im Alter von 91 Jahren in Paris (Hauptstadt von Frankreich) gestorben. The tower had been a subject of some controversy, attracting criticism both from those who did not believe it feasible and from those who objected on artistic grounds. In order to precisely align the legs so that the connecting girders could be put into place, a provision had been made to enable precise adjustments by placing hydraulic jacks in the footings for each of the girders making up the legs. Eiffel's proposal was for a bridge whose deck was supported by five iron piers, with the abutments of the pair on the river bank also bearing a central supporting arch. In his speech at the presentation of the medal, Alexander Graham Bell said:[39], ...his writings upon the resistance of the air have already become classical. Dieser lebte zu Ende des 17. After a few months working as an unpaid assistant to his brother-in-law, who managed a foundry, Eiffel approached the railway engineer Charles Nepveu, who gave Eiffel his first paid job as his private secretary. „Bonickhausen dit Eiffel“ („genannt Eiffel“). This was the most important building in a complex designed by Charles Garnier, later among the most prominent critics of the Tower. In dessen Sterbeeintrag findet sich der Namenszusatz „dit Eiffel“ (genannt Eiffel).[12]. Eiffel's reputation was badly damaged when he was implicated in the financial and political scandal which followed. Dezember 1923 in Paris) war ein französischer Ingenieur. These used a small number of standard components, all small enough to be readily transportable in areas with poor or non-existent roads, and were joined together using bolts rather than rivets, reducing the need for skilled labour on site. Bereits vor der Bauzeit des Eiffelturms beantragte Gustave die Änderung seines – für Franzosen unaussprechlichen – Familiennamens auf „Eiffel“,[9] die am 15. Contents Biography - Studies - Career Works - Buildings and structures - Bridges - Eiffel Tower - Statue of Liberty - Nice Observatory 3. The four legs, each at an angle of 54° to the ground, were initially constructed as cantilevers, relying on the anchoring bolts in the masonry foundation blocks. With Sauvestre’s edits, Eiffel supported the final plans and bought the patent rights. Gustave Eiffel Inauguration. Décès 27 décembre 1923 (à 91 ans). Die deutsche Schreibung des Namens Bonickhausen ist Bönickhausen mit Umlautzeichen. In 1886 Eiffel also designed the dome for the Astronomical Observatory in Nice. November 1877) und des Ponte Dom Luís I in Porto (31. Gustave Eiffel was born in Burgundy, France, in the city of Dijon, Côte-d'Or, the first child of Catherine-Mélanie (née Moneuse) and Alexandre Bönickhausen (French pronunciation: [bɔnikozɑ̃]). This gave ammunition to his critics, and lurid headlines including "Eiffel Suicide!" Die deutsche Schreibung des Namens Bonickhausen ist „Bönickhausen“ mit Umlautzeichen. His work had also gained the attention of several people who were later to give him work, including Stanislas de la Roche Toulay, who had prepared the design for the metalwork of the Bordeaux bridge, Jean Baptiste Krantz and Wilhelm Nordling. Eiffel wuchs in seinem Geburtsort Dijon auf. He was buried in the family tomb in Levallois-Perret Cemetery. Nach seinem Tod erhielt das Ingenieurbüro Gustave Eiffels den Auftrag. Champs; Ingénierie, chimie, industrie, architecture Institutions; Collège Sainte-Barbe, Diplôme École centrale Paris, promotion 1855. Nationalité Français. Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World) Eiffel (French Eiffel Constructions métalliques) is part of the Eiffage group and the descendant of the engineering company Société des Établissements Eiffel founded by Gustave Eiffel, designer of the Eiffel Tower. Die wesentlichen Ingenieuraufgaben beim Garrabit-Viadukt (Entwurf und Statik) wurden vo… Like the Douro bridge, the project involved a lengthy viaduct crossing the river valley as well as the river itself, and Eiffel was given the job without any process of competitive tendering due to his success with the bridge over the Douro. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel Herkunft und akademische Ausbildung Den meisten von uns ist Gustave Eiffel vor allem durch "seinen Turm" bekannt, der zum Wahrzeichen der französichen Hauptstadt wurde, und vielleicht weiß der eine oder andere auch, dass seine Firma das Innenleben der New Yorker Freiheitsstatue konstruiert hat. Diese Eisenbahnbrücke überspannt noch heute in der Nähe des Städtchens Saint Flour das eindrucksvolle Tal der Truyère. Ab 1843 besuchte er das Collège Sainte-Barbe in Paris, wo er sich 1850 niederließ[2] und zunächst an der dortigen École polytechnique studierte. Those for the east and south legs were straightforward, each leg resting on four 2 m (6.6 ft) concrete slabs, one for each of the principal girders of each leg but the other two, being closer to the river Seine were more complicated: each slab needed two piles installed by using compressed-air caissons 15 m (49 ft) long and 6 m (20 ft) in diameter driven to a depth of 22 m (72 ft)[27] to support the concrete slabs, which were 6 m (20 ft) thick. Gerhard Mehlhorn/Manfred Curbach (Hrsg. September 1884 voraus „für ein neues Verfahren, das es erlaubt, Metallpfeiler und -pylonen von einer Höhe zu bauen, die dreihundert Meter übersteigen kann“. The usual pattern for building a railway terminus was to conceal the metal structure behind an elaborate facade: Eiffel's design for Budapest used the metal structure as the centerpiece of the building, flanked on either side by conventional stone and brick-clad structures housing administrative offices. Gustave Eiffel's career was a result of the Industrial Revolution. On 6 October 1868 he entered into partnership with Théophile Seyrig, like Eiffel a graduate of the École Centrale, forming the company Eiffel et Cie. The members included Jean-Baptiste Krantz, Henri Dion and Léon Molinos, both of whom had known Eiffel for a long time: their report was favorable, and Eiffel got the job. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel - portrait standing. Who Was Gustave Eiffel? Each of these slabs supported a limestone block, each with an inclined top to bear the supporting shoe for the ironwork. The design was exhibited at the Exhibition of Decorative Arts in the autumn of 1884, and on 30 March 1885 Eiffel read a paper on the project to the Société des Ingénieurs Civils. By June construction had reached the second level platform, and on Bastille Day this was used for a fireworks display, and Eiffel held a celebratory banquet for the press on the first level platform. The enhanced idea gained Eiffel's support for the project, and he bought the rights to the patent on the design which Koechlin, Nougier and Sauvestre had taken out. Although the family always used the name Eiffel, Gustave's name was registered at birt… Seine Frau starb jedoch schon sehr früh im Jahr 1877. März 1889 fertiggestellt werden konnte und am 15. Just as work began at the Champ de Mars, the "Committee of Three Hundred" (one member for each metre of the tower's height) was formed, led by Charles Garnier and including some of the most important figures of the French arts establishment, including Adolphe Bouguereau, Guy de Maupassant, Charles Gounod and Jules Massenet: a petition was sent to Jean-Charles Adolphe Alphand, the Minister of Works, and was published by Le Temps. Claire Eiffel, Valentine Eiffel, and Laura Eiffel are their daughter. Jahrhunderts in Aremberg, Kreis Ahrweiler, und in Marmagen, Kreis Euskirchen, und stand dort als ludimagister (Schulmeister) und Sakristan in Kirchendiensten. 1875 oblag ihm der Bau des 1877 fertiggestellten Westbahnhofs in Budapest, er erhielt den Auftrag zum Bau des Ponte Maria Pia in Porto (Eröffnung am 4. The entire statue was erected at the Eiffel works in Paris before being dismantled and shipped to the United States.[22]. Some have already been destroyed, like in Vietnam. Als Eiffels deutscher Stammvater gilt dem bisherigen genealogischen Wissensstand zufolge Leo Heinrich Bönickhausen, der Ende des 17. Alexandre was born on January 15 1832, in Dijon, 21, Cote d'Or. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel war ein französischer Ingenieur, in dessen Büro der nach ihm benannte „Eiffelturm“ in Paris zur Weltausstellung 1889 konzipiert und realisiert wurde. (Münchenstein, Schweiz, 1891), http://www.artesdelasfilipinas.com/archives.php?page_id=24, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gustave_Eiffel&oldid=205814987, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave (vollständiger Name), 1892 beteiligte er sich am Wettbewerb um den Bau der Dreifaltigkeitsbrücke in. Zwischen 1881 und 1882 baute Eiffel die Brücke von Szeged in Ungarn. A graduate of the prestigious École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures of France, he made his name with various bridges for the French railway network, most famously the Garabit viaduct. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born in France, in the Côte-d'Or, the first child of Catherine-Mélanie (née Moneuse) and Alexandre Bonickhausen dit Eiffel. Eiffel war damals noch ein jüngerer Mann – den nach ihm benannten Turm in Paris gab es noch nicht. He was already working independently on the construction of two railway stations, at Toulouse and Agen, and in 1866 he was given a contract to oversee the construction of 33 locomotives for the Egyptian government, a profitable but undemanding job in the course of which he visited Egypt, where he visited the Suez Canal which was being constructed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. Gustave Eiffel starb 1923 im Alter von 91 Jahren und wurde auf dem Friedhof von Levallois-Perret, nordwestlich von Paris, beigesetzt. Vanity Fair caricature by JB Guth (real name Jean-Baptiste Guth, 1883–1921). In 1875, Eiffel et Cie were given two important contracts, one for a new terminus for the line from Vienna to Budapest and the other for a bridge over the river Douro in Portugal. Symbol of the French know-how Proprietary. Als Eiffels deutscher Stammvater gilt dem bisherigen genealogischen Wissensstand zufolge Leo Heinrich Bönickhausen, der Ende des 17. [17] (Lithograph by Vincent Brooks, Day & Son) AGE, one of the chief architects behind the Eiffel Tower: 15 December 1832 – 27 December 1923. Here it was possible to build a larger wind tunnel, and Eiffel began to make tests using scale models of aircraft designs. Dezember 1880 verfügt wurde, den Namen „Eiffel“ an die Stelle von „Bonickhausen dit Eiffel“ zu setzen. [4] Dieser erfolgreich vollendete anspruchsvolle Auftrag begründete seinen guten Ruf in der Branche. 1880 erhielt er den Zuschlag für den Bau des Viadukts von Garabit, das wegen seiner Höhe (122 Meter) und seiner gebogenen Form Aufsehen erregte und erst im Juli 1888 eröffnet werden konnte. Eiffel was to receive all income from the commercial exploitation during the exhibition and for the following twenty years. Nachdem die Panamagesellschaft im Februar 1889 Konkurs anmelden musste, wurde Eiffel 1893 der Nichterfüllung schuldig gesprochen. Januar 1887 in nur 26 Monaten Bauzeit am 31. Although the family always used the name Eiffel, Gustave's name was registered at birth as Bonickhausen dit Eiffel,[1] and was not formally changed to Eiffel until 1880.[2][5]. In 1887, Eiffel became involved with the French effort to construct a canal across the Panama Isthmus. Archives Nationales, Dossier LH/892/60. The Eiffel Tower takes its name from the engineer Gustave Eiffel, but was actually designed by his senior engineers Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nugier.
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