[30][58], After a gestation of two to three months, a litter of one to eight kittens is born. [49] These cycles have been cited as an example of the Lotka–Volterra predator–prey equations, caused by the interplay of three major factors—food, predation and social interaction. "A snow-tracking protocol used to delineate local lynx, U.S. In the United States, the Canada lynx occurs in the Blue Mountains, the Cascade Range and the southern Rocky Mountains, the Great Lakes region and New England. [37] A study in Alaska found that lynxes played a role in the decrease in populations of red fox, caribou and Dall's sheep when hares were very low in number. lynx du Canada in French Bibliographic References (1996) database, NODC Taxonomic Code Économiquement, le lynx est l’animal à fourrure le plus important du Yukon, puisqu’il a une très grande valeur sur les marchés internationaux. Given its abundance throughout the range, and lack of severe threats, the Canada lynx has been listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. Prairie Du Chien . WB Saunders, Philadephia, Notes on the ecological concepts of habitat, biotope and niche, Factors affecting hare-lynx dynamics in the classic time series of the Hudson Bay Company, Canada, http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/12518/0, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lynx_du_Canada&oldid=176065984, Taxobox utilisant une classification non précisée, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, Fiche de la IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group sur. the Newfoundland lynx's darker coat), the standard measurements are not significantly distinct. [2] The 2006 study gave the phylogenetic relationships of the Canada lynx as follows:[14][19] [15][21][62], The Canada lynx is known to host several parasites including Cylicospirura felineus, Taenia species, Toxocara cati, Toxascaris leonina and Troglostrongylus wilsoni. Habitat: These Lynx are found in the broad boreal forest belt of North America. L'animal est exclusivement carnivore et sa proie préférée est le lièvre d'Amérique. The lynx may eat its kill immediately or cache it in snow or leaves to eat it over the next few days. Je vais donc vous parler de :ses caractères distinctifs, son habitat et son régime Aspect 1 [85], Various techniques have been employed to study Canada lynx populations; the data collected can provide useful information on the ecology and distribution of the species and pave the way for effective conservation measures. Aug 29, 2019 - Le Lynx du Canada / Québec / Canada / lucgirouard.com Les pattes postérieures sont longues, les pieds sont recouverts d'un pelage dense et peuvent mesurer 10 cm. Canada lynx tracks are generally larger than those of the bobcat; thicker fur may make the toe pads appear less prominent in the snow. Trouvez d'autres images libres de droits dans la collection d'iStock, qui contient des … Canada Lynx Cat Is The Extravagant Floof Needed Today Let's talk about how deliciously fluffy theCanadian Lynx is. D'ailleurs, c'est vers cet âge-ci qu'ils se reproduisent. En effet, en période estivale et lorsque la rareté du lièvre se fait ressentir, le lynx peut également se nourrir d' écureuils, de tamias, de souris, de campagnols, de musaraignes, de gélinottes huppées (Bonasa umbellus), de tétras, de castors ou encore, de rats musqués (Ondatra zibethicus)[2]. Ils vivent entre autres dans les zones cultivées entrecoupées de bois épais et les zones plus montagneuses. In his 1792 work The Animal Kingdom, Scottish scientific writer Robert Kerr described a lynx from Canada, giving it the name Felis lynx canadensis. Offspring are weaned at 12 weeks. Consequently, a period of hare scarcity occurs every eight to 11 years. They are blind the first fourteen days and weaned at twelve weeks. العربية: وشق كندي беларуская: Рысь канадская català: Linx canadenc Deutsch: Kanadischer Luchs English: Canadian Lynx español: Lince canadiense français: Lynx du Canada hrvatski: Kanadski ris magyar: Kanadai hiúz, sarki hiúz italiano: Lince canadese 日本語: カナダオオヤマネコ … William J. Zielinski, Thomas E. Kuceradate, M.K. [42][43] However, Canada lynxes are known to disperse over large distances, often thousands of kilometres, which might increase genetic variability in widely separated populations. [29], The Canada lynx can be told apart from the bobcat by its longer ear tufts, broader paws, shorter tail with a fully black tip, longer legs and the fewer markings and greyer shade of the coat. Il a reconquis depuis peu le nord des États du Wisconsin et du Minnesota aux États-Unis. En 2004, des études génétiques menées sur ces deux espèces ont confirmé que trois spécimens sauvages du Minnesota à l’origine ambigüe étaient issus de l’hybridation. Other methods include radio telemetry and snow tracking. Nevertheless, activity may be observed during daytime. [1] On March 24, 2000, the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) issued its Final Rule, which designated the Canada lynx a Threatened Species in 14 contiguous states. Une augmentation de la population du lynx s'accompagne d'une diminution de celle de ses proies. [82] A 2012 study showed numbers had improved in the northeastern United States; however, a 2008 study showed lynx populations were not doing well in Washington because of habitat fragmentation. your own Pins on Pinterest [41] In a study in the southern Northwest Territories, ranges of individuals of opposite sexes were found to overlap extensively, while the ranges of individuals of the same sex hardly coincided. [15] The stubby tail, typical of lynxes, is 5–13 cm (2.0–5.1 in) long; while the bobcat's tail is black only in the upper part, the tail of the Canada lynx has a completely black tip. La maturité sexuelle des femelles est atteinte vers l'âge de 22 mois. [5][25] Both species walk with the back foot typically following the front foot and often do not follow a straight line. The Canada lynx was first described by Robert Kerr in 1792. A specialist predator, the Canada lynx depends heavily on snowshoe hares for food. Johnson, E. Eizirik, J. Pecon-Slattery, W.J. Le lynx n’est pas un charognard et refuse … Description Le lynx du Canada est un magnifique félin (ou chat) sauvage. A lynx (/ l ɪ ŋ k s /; plural lynx or lynxes) is any of the four species (Canada lynx, Iberian lynx, Eurasian lynx, bobcat) within the medium-sized wild cat genus Lynx.The name lynx originated in Middle English via Latin from the Greek word λύγξ, derived from the Indo-European root leuk-('light, brightness') in reference to the luminescence of its reflective eyes. pardinus). Comme le montre le schéma de droite (d'après des archives statistiques collectées par Odum, et publiées en 1953)[12], ces deux espèces ont une dynamique de population cyclique et qui semblent en interactions durables. Discover (and save!) Lynx canadensis / Lynx du Canada - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Females reach sexual maturity at ten months but often delay breeding another year; males mature at age two or three. [21] They rely on their vision and sense of hearing to locate prey. Il est un excellent grimpeur, grâce a ses griffes rétractiles[2]. Habitué au climat froid. lynx du Canada, ainsi que tous les animaux de la famille chat est prédateur très lâche.Il sera également pas attaquer les grands animaux.Quand son évasion, elle a cessé de renifler et de commencer à soulever sur la laine de fin. La classification du Lynx du Canada a fait l'objet d'un débat : fallait-il le classer comme Lynx rufus ou Felis lynx[3] ; le Lynx du Canada devait-il, avec les trois autres espèces de Lynx, être classé dans son propre genre Lynx ou être un sous-genre de Felis ? A study showed that, compared to Canada lynxes, coyotes' feet sink deeper in the snow due to their smaller size and hence a larger body mass to foot area ratio, prompting them to ambush their prey instead of chasing it as lynxes often do. Au Canada, il occupe toutes les provinces et territoires à l'exception de l'Île-du-Prince-Édouard[11]. [4] Until as late as the early 2000s, scientists were divided over whether Lynx should be considered a subgenus of Felis, or a subfamily itself; some even doubted if the Canada lynx should be considered a species on its own.
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