El parque nacional del Teide es complementario del parque nacional de los Volcanes de Hawái, esto se debe principalmente al estar en cada uno de ellos representados las estructuras y formas volcánicas de los magmas menos evolucionados de este tipo de islas (Hawái) y los más evolucionados y … Teide National Park, located in the centre of the island of Tenerife, is the largest and oldest of the four national parks on the Canary Islands. The United Nations Committee for Disaster Mitigation designated Teide a Decade Volcano[10] because of its history of destructive eruptions and its proximity to several large towns, of which the closest are Garachico, Icod de los Vinos and Puerto de la Cruz. [38], More recently in November 2017, Gema Hassen-Bey became the first Paralympic athlete in the world in a wheelchair to reach 3,000 meters altitude with only the momentum of her arms. Geotherm. El Parque Nacional del Teide es una de las grandes maravillas del mundo, con la ventaja de su fácil acceso y de estar relativamente cerca de los países europeos. El Teide es el símbolo de Tenerife y de las islas Canarias, además del Parque Nacional más visitado de España con unos 4 millones de turistas anuales.¿La razón? [21], The last summit eruption from Teide occurred about the year 850 AD, and this eruption produced the "Lavas Negras" or "Black Lavas" that cover much of the flanks of the volcano.[21]. However, another study in 2009 concluded that Teide will probably erupt violently in the future, and that its structure is similar to that of Vesuvius and Etna. 60: 225–242, Guillou, H., Carracedo, J.C., Pérez Torrado, F. and Rodríguez Badiola, E., 1996. [43][46] Flowering takes place in the late spring or early summer, in May and June. P.R. 193–206. The Parque Nacional del Teide covers nearly 75 square miles in central Tenerife. Initially, Gema wanted to reach the top of Teide, although, due to weather conditions, she could not meet this objective. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Rome2rio makes travelling from Adeje to Parque Nacional del Teide easy. Like the other Canary Islands, and volcanic ocean islands in general, Tenerife was built by accretion of three large shield volcanoes, which developed in a relatively short period. 103: 167–173, Moore, J. G., 1964. "Eruptive and structural history of Teide Volcano and rift zones of Tenerife, Canary Islands." Radiometric dating of possible lavas indicates that in 1492 no eruption occurred in the Orotava Valley, but one did occur from the Boca Cangrejo vent. Historical volcanic activity on the island is associated with vents on the Santiago or northwest rift (Boca Cangrejo in 1492, Montañas Negras in 1706,[21] Narices del Teide or Chahorra in 1798, and El Chinyero in 1909) and the Cordillera Dorsal or northeast rift (Fasnia in 1704, Siete Fuentes and Arafo in 1705). It is popularly referred to as Padre Teide (Father Teide). Der Teide Nationalpark. 26(3), 2003, pp. & Marrero, P. (2006) "Ecological effects and distribution of invasive non-native mammals on the Canary Islands" Mammal Review, 36, 49–65, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Schroeter, Johann Hieronymous, Selenotopographische Fragmente sur genauern Kenntniss der Mondfläche [vol. Los visitantes encuentran numerosos servicios que les permiten conocer y disfrutar de este espacio: cómodos accesos por carretera que cruza todo el Parque, dos centros de visitantes que desvelan algunos de sus secretos, una zona de restaurantes para reponer fuerzas, numerosos miradores que permiten componer una completa panorámica, una extensa red de senderos para los visitantes que deseen adentrarse en el Parque e incluso dos alojamientos, el Parador Nacional de Las Cañadas del Teide y el Refugio de Altavista a 3.270 metros de altitud. [58] In June 2011 a team of researchers from the UK visited the park to test a method for looking for life on Mars and to search for suitable places to test new robotic vehicles in 2012.[59]. Teide casts the world's largest shadow projected on the sea. Grant, "Ecological compatibility of bird species on islands", Amer. Ascenso, Fauna, Flora... | Tenerife One characteristic is that the shadow has a perfectly triangular shape, even though Teide's silhouette does not; this is an effect of perspective. [55][56][57] Visitors and tourists climb to the top of the volcano at sunset to witness this phenomenon. 451–462. Mag. [25] The first states that the depression is the result of a vertical collapse of the volcano triggered by the emptying of shallow magma chambers at around sea level under the Las Cañadas volcano after large-volume explosive eruptions. Future eruptions may include pyroclastic flows and surges similar to those that occurred at Mount Pelée, Merapi, Vesuvius, Etna, the Soufrière Hills, Mount Unzen and elsewhere. [18] This early shield stage volcanism formed the bulk of the emerged part of Tenerife. Español: Tenerife, Canarias, España. Sci. Pap., 501-D, D95-D98, Carracedo, J.C., 1994. Its summit (at 3,718 m (12,198 ft))[disputed – discuss][a] is the highest point in Spain and the highest point above sea level in the islands of the Atlantic. Cerrados los accesos al Parque Nacional del Teide en la TF-21 por heladas La Aemet ha activado el aviso amarillo por lluvias, viento y fenómenos costeros Ardiel Rodríguez Find all the transport options for your trip from Santa Cruz de Tenerife to Parque Nacional del Teide right here. The only treatment is to return to lower altitudes and acclimatise. Altitudinal change in needle water relations of the Canary pine (Pinus Canariensis) and possible evidence of a drought-induced alpine timberline on Mt. (4 Tips) La estructura dominante es el Teide, imponente edificio volcánico que ofrece un aspecto muy distinto según el lugar o la época en que sea observado, deleitando siempre al espectador con sus múltiples caras. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 119(9–10). Bosque a unos 1.000 m. Pinar. [20] Each shield was apparently constructed in less than three million years, and the entire island in about eight million years. 1]. The last eruption within the Las Cañadas caldera occurred in 1798 from the Narices del Teide or Chahorra (Teide's Nostrils) on the western flank of Pico Viejo. Southern. El Parque Nacional de las Cañadas del Teide recibió su denominación en 1954 y consta de un enorme cráter volcánico de 48 km de diámetro sobre el que se alza el Teide a 3.718 metros convirtiéndose en el pico más alto de toda España. Se trata de un enclave único, plagado de cráteres, volcanes, chimeneas naturales y antiguos ríos de lava petrificada. C. Leuschner, Timberline and alpine vegetation on the tropical and warm-temperate oceanic islands of the world: elevation, structure and floristics, Vegetatio 123, 1996, pp. Las Cañadas del Teide sorprende por su diversidad, inquieta por sus enormes ríos de lava petrificada e impresiona por sus rocas derruidas por la erosión y por las colosales dimensiones de este caos mineral. 1027–1051, Paris, R, Guillou, H., Carracedo, JC and Perez Torrado, F.J., Volcanic and morphological evolution of La Gomera (Canary Islands), based on new K-Ar ages and magnetic stratigraphy:implications for oceanic island evolution, Journal of the Geological Society, May 2005, v.162; no.3; p.501-512, Carracedo, J.C., Pérez Torrado, F.J., Ancochea, E., Meco, J., Hernán, F., Cubas, C.R., Casillas, R., Rodríguez Badiola, E. and Ahijado, A., 2002. Teleférico del Pico del Teide, S.A. [8] Teide is the most visited natural wonder of Spain, the most visited national park in Spain and Europe and – by 2015 – the eighth most visited in the world,[11] with some 3 million visitors yearly. Geotherm. Other mammals, such as the mouflon, the rabbit, the house mouse, the black rat, the feral cat, and the North African hedgehog, have all been introduced to the park.[52]. Actividades y excursionesVolcano Teide Experience, El Teide; un lugar seguro frente a la Covid-19. A scientific assessment in 2006, published in the journal Eos, observed that "in the past 30,000 years, eruptions have occurred at a rate of only four to six per millennium, with a predominance (70%) of very low hazard, basaltic eruptions". J. Volcanol. The Guanches asked their supreme god Achamán for clemency, so Achamán fought Guayota, freed Magec from the bowels of the mountain, and plugged the crater with Guayota. [35] Thus the magnitude of the risk posed by Teide to the public remains a source of debate[36]. con alturas que llegan a 600m en la zona conocida como Guajara, su punto culminante. PARQUE NACIONAL DEL TEIDE Calle Dr. Sixto Perera González Nº 25. La pared que lo circunda se prolonga a lo largo de 25 Km. Christopher Columbus reported seeing "a great fire in the Orotava Valley" as he sailed past Tenerife on his voyage to discover the New World in 1492. J. Volcanol. DSC08809 Parque Nacional del Teide (Tenerife, Canarias).jpg 3,648 × 2,056; 3.56 MB Echium wildpretii winter IMG 4862 Tenerife Las Canadas.JPG 5,184 × 3,275; 6.65 MB Echium wildpretii winter IMG 4863 Tenerife Las Canadas.JPG 3,920 × 3,415; 4.9 MB Le parc national du Teide (en espagnol parque nacional del Teide) est un parc national d'Espagne depuis 1954, inscrit au patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO depuis 2007 au titre de site naturel.Il est fréquenté en 2016 par 4 079 823 visiteurs [1], [2], faisant de lui le parc national le plus visité d'Espagne, d'Europe et le neuvième dans le monde en 2016 [3], [4]. Nogales, M., Rodríguez-Luengo, J.L. Its summit (at 3,718 m (12,198 ft)) is the highest point in Spain and the highest point above sea level in the islands of the Atlantic. 3, 1992, pp. Giant Miocene Landslides and the evolution of Fuerteventura, Canary Islands J. Volcanol. Todo el Parque es un extraordinario tesoro geológico en el que los volcanes, cráteres, chimeneas, coladas de lava y productos diversos, forman un impresionante conjunto de colores y formas. [13][14] Teide Observatory, a major international astronomical observatory, is located on the slopes of the mountain. In a publication of 1626, Sir Edmund Scory, who probably stayed on the island in the first decades of the 17th century, gives a description of Teide, in which he notes the suitable paths to the top and the effects its considerable height causes for travellers, indicating that the volcano had been accessed via different routes before the 17th century. The Guanches are not the only ones who has a legend for this volcano. Teide National Park is a national park located in Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain). Prof. [38], After the Enlightenment, most of the expeditions that went to East Africa and the Pacific had Teide as one of the most rewarding targets. There is also a brown dwarf star located in the open star cluster of the Pleiades called Teide 1. Tiene un paisaje único de cráteres, volcanes y ríos de lava petrificada que rodean la silueta del Volcán Teide, que se alza hasta los 3.718 metros de altitud. La mejor forma de recorrer el Parque es a pie. See also Teide. The expedition of Lord George Macartney, George Staunton and John Barrow in 1792 almost ended in tragedy, as a major snowstorm and rain swept over them and they failed to reach the peak of Teide, just barely getting past Montaña Blanca. The only mammals native to the park are bats, the most common of which is Leisler's bat (Nyctalus leisleri). The Teide Observatory is operated by the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias. Res. Guayota shares features similar to other powerful deities inhabiting volcanoes, such as the goddess Pele of Hawaiian mythology, who lives in the volcano Kīlauea and is regarded by the native Hawaiians as responsible for the eruptions of the volcano. In the Canary Islands, especially on Tenerife, Teide has cultural symbolism deeply rooted in traditions and history. During 2003, there was an increase in seismic activity at the volcano and a rift opened on the north-east flank. 94, pp. Instituto Lucas Mallada, CSIC, Madrid, 218 pp. El Teide, su principal y más famoso … 230–240, Lack, D., and H.N. [48] Ten species of bird nest there, including the blue chaffinch (Fringilla teydea teydea), Berthelot's pipit (Anthus berthelotii berthelotii), the Atlantic canary (Serinus canaria) and a subspecies of kestrel (Falco tinnunculus canariensis). This cessation of activity is typical of the Canaries; La Gomera, for example, is currently at this stage. 1949. 131: 715–727, Martí. These have been interpreted as being ritual deposits to counter the influence of evil spirits, like those made by the Berbers of Kabylie. Teide, Tenerife, Flora – Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 199(2), 2004, Pages 100-109y, J.M. Mount Teide is a volcano on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, Spain. No eruptive activity occurred but a quantity of material, possibly liquid, was emplaced into the edifice and is estimated to have a volume of ~1011 m3. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. [38], The German scientist Alexander von Humboldt stopped in Tenerife during his voyage to South America in 1799 and climbed Teide with his travelling companion Aimé Bonpland and some local guides. At Guajara, on the south side of the structure, the internal walls rise as almost sheer cliffs from 2,100 to 2,715 m (6,890 to 8,907 ft). The Geology of Spain (W. Gibbons and T. Moreno, eds), pp. En su superficie de 190 Km2 (18.990 hectáreas) se alza el Teide hasta los 3.718 m., constituyendo la cota más alta de España. Stratigraphy, structure, and geochronology of the Las Cañadas Caldera (Tenerife, Canary Islands). [21], The initial juvenile stage was followed by a period of 2–3 million years of eruptive quiescence and erosion. Geotherm. Ver más ideas sobre Teide, Parques nacionales, Tenerife. [34] The authors further commented that "the recent eruptive record, combined with the available petrological and radiometric data, provides a rather optimistic outlook on major volcanic hazards related to Teide and its rift zones, posing only very localized threats to the one million inhabitants of Tenerife and the 4.5 million annual visitors to Teide National Park." From its surface area of 190 km2 (18,990 hectares), Mount Teide rises up to a height of 3,718 m, which makes it the highest peak in Spain. According to legend, Guayota (the devil) kidnapped Magec (the god of light and the sun) and imprisoned him inside the volcano, plunging the world into darkness. The invertebrate fauna includes spiders, beetles, dipterans, hemipterans, and hymenopterae. Birds of Tenerife. Res. About 150,000 years ago, a much larger explosive eruption occurred, probably of Volcanic Explosivity Index 5. Share. Surv. (Parque Nacional del Teide) National Park. [53][54][better source needed] This phenomenon occurs during sunset, and also causes the shadow to partially cover the island of Gran Canaria at sunset or La Gomera at dawn, more than 40 km away from the mountain. In 1492, when Christopher Columbus arrived at the island of Tenerife, all his crew could see some flames coming from the highest mountain of the island. Another volcano, Las Cañadas III, formed in the Diego Hernandez sector of the caldera. [22] After this period of quiescence, the volcanic activity became concentrated within two large edifices: the central volcano of Las Cañadas, and the Anaga massif. Es una excursión obligada para todos los que visiten Tenerife. You can take a cable car (last one up at 4 pm) up to the top and the views from the top are beautiful. It created the Las Cañadas caldera, a large caldera at about 2,000 m above sea level, around 16 km (9.9 mi) from east to west and 9 km (5.6 mi) from north to south. [28] Evidence for the latter theory has been found in both onshore observations[29][30][31] and marine geology studies. Teide, Pico Viejo and Montaña Blanca form the Central Volcanic Complex of Tenerife. Carracedo, J. C., Rodríguez Badioloa, E., Guillou, H., Paterne, M., Scaillet, S., Pérez Torrado, F. J., Paris, R., Fra-Paleo, U., Hansen, A., 2007. [16] The same was true for the ancient Greeks and Romans, who believed that Vulcano and Etna were chimneys of the foundry of the fire god Hephaestus (Vulcan in Latin). Der »Parque Nacional del Teide« ist der größte Nationalpark der Kanarischen Inseln und stellt mit dem Pico del Teide auch den höchsten Berg in Spanien. This can cause people (especially with heart or lung conditions) to become light-headed or dizzy, to develop altitude sickness, and in extreme cases to lose consciousness. Teide National Park is a useful volcanic reference point for studies related to Mars because of the similarities in their environmental conditions and geological formations. Teide National Park Declared a national park in 1954, the Parque Nacional de las Cañadas del Teide includes an enormous volcanic crater 30 miles (48 km) in circumference, out of which rises Mount Teide at a staggering 12,200 feet (3,718 metres), making it the highest peak in the whole of Spain. A sus pies se extiende un mar de rocas volcánicas tan recientes, que la erosión no ha tenido tiempo de alterar, conformando un amplio catálogo de formas y materiales volcánicos contenidos en el gran anfiteatro definido por la pared de Las Cañadas. El Parque Nacional del Teide, es el mayor de Canarias. Around 160–220 thousand years ago the summit of the Las Cañadas I volcano collapsed[24], creating the Las Cañadas (Ucanca) caldera. Because of the altitude, the air is significantly thinner than at sea level. Nat., 100(914), 1966, pp. The 1706 Montañas Negras eruption destroyed the town and principal port of Garachico, as well as several smaller villages. Fue declarado Parque Nacional en 1954 y en 1989 recibió el Diploma Europeo a la Conservación en su categoría máxima. Parque Nacional del Teide. Teide is the main symbol of Tenerife and the most emblematic natural monument of the Canary Islands. Sci. Save. Adaptations include hemispherical forms, a downy or waxy cover, a reduction of the exposed leaf area, and high flower production. Kidston Mill Press, Scotland. A cable car goes from the roadside at 2,356 m (7,730 ft) most of the way to the summit, reaching 3,555 m (11,663 ft), carrying up to 38 passengers (34 in a high wind) and taking eight minutes to reach the summit. ", "Haleakala National Park Geology Fieldnotes", http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/DecadeVolcanoes/, "Parque Nacional del Teide. The Las Cañadas caldera (Tenerife, Canary Islands): an overlapping collapse caldera generated by magma-chamber migration. Above the volcano appears St. Michael, the patron saint of Tenerife. In: Cenozoic Volcanism II: the Canary Islands. [61][62], Mons Pico, one of the Montes Teneriffe range of lunar mountains in the inner ring of the Mare Imbrium, was named by Johann Hieronymus Schröter after the Pico von Teneriffe, an 18th-century name for Teide.[15][63]. The 3,718 m (12,198 ft) summit of Teide itself, and its sister stratovolcano Pico Viejo (3,134 m (10,282 ft)), are both situated in the northern half of the caldera and are derived from eruptions later than this prehistoric explosion. 301–310. K/Ar ages and magnetic stratigraphy of the Miocene-Pliocene shield volcanoes of Tenerife, Canary Islands: Implications for the early evolution of Tenerife and the Canarian Hotspot age progression. The Canary Islands: an example of structural control on the growth of large oceanic island volcanoes. Carracedo, Juan Carlos; Day, Simon (2002). He described the two mountains as "two kings, one rising in the ocean and the other in the desert and steppes". Národní park Teide (španělsky Parque nacional del Teide) je španělský národní park, který se nachází na ostrově Tenerife, což je jeden z Kanárských ostrovů. Criterion (vii): Mount Teide is a striking volcanic landscape dominated by the jagged Las Cañadas escarpment and a central volcano that makes Tenerife the third tallest volcanic structure in the world. [21][26][27] The second theory is that the caldera was formed by a series of lateral gravitational collapses similar to those described in Hawaii. Ascenso, Fauna, Flora...", "El Teide bate récord de visitantes y supera los cuatro millones", "El Teide bate su récord de visitantes en 2016, con más de cuatro millones", "Explosive eruption, flank collapse and megatsunami at Tenerife ca. [8][9][c] Teide's elevation above sea level makes Tenerife the tenth highest island in the world. [12] In 2016, it was visited by 4,079,823 visitors and tourists, reaching a historical record. Res. The logo of the Cabildo de Tenerife (governing body of the island) includes a symbol of Teide in eruption. This lava is visible beside the Vilaflor–Chio road. Rome2rio makes travelling from Santa Cruz de Tenerife to Parque Nacional del Teide easy. Teide last erupted in 1909 from the El Chinyero vent,[21] on the Santiago Ridge. The shield volcanoes date back to the Miocene and early Pliocene[19] and are preserved in three isolated and deeply eroded massifs: Anaga (to the northeast), Teno (to the northwest) and Roque del Conde (to the south). Horario de atención al público de lunes a viernes de 8 a 16 horas. [44] The Teide daisy (Argyranthemum teneriffae) can be found at altitudes close to 3,600 m (11,800 ft) above sea level, and the Teide violet (Viola cheiranthifolia) can be found right up to the summit, making it the highest flowering plant in Spain. This was interpreted as indicating that he had witnessed an eruption there. An astronomical observatory is located on the slopes of the mountain, taking advantage of the good weather, and the altitude, which puts it above most clouds, and promotes stable Astronomical seeing. Ashmole, M. and Ashmole, P. (1989) Natural History Excursions in Tenerife. The stratovolcanoes Teide and Pico Viejo (Old Peak, although it is in fact younger than Teide) are the most recent centres of activity on the volcanic island of Tenerife, which is the largest (2,058 km2 or 795 sq mi) and highest (3,718 m or 12,198 ft) island in the Canaries. 170 ka", Un estudio prevé que el Teide sufriría erupciones violentas, The English Renaissance and the Canary Islands: Thomas Nichols and Edmund Scory, "El Parque Nacional del Teide: patrimonio mundial de la UNESCO, con Juan Carlos Carracedo y Manuel Durbán - Nicolás González Lemus", "Gema Hassen-Bey abandona el ascenso el Teide a 3.000 metros", "Tenerife se convierte en un laboratorio marciano - Ciencia - elmundo.es", "La cara menos conocida del padre Teide -", "Disputa por el padre Teide - La Opinión de Tenerife", NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day: Geminid Meteors over Teide Volcano (December 17, 2013), Archaeological Museum of Puerto de la Cruz, Castle of San Cristóbal (Santa Cruz de Tenerife), Museo Municipal de Bellas Artes de Santa Cruz de Tenerife, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Teide&oldid=991958637, Geography articles needing translation from Spanish Wikipedia, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with disputed statements from October 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 89–104. 183–190. TITSA runs a return service to Teide once a day from both Puerto de la Cruz and Playa de las Americas.
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