The strong shaking of the main shock lasted about 42 seconds. Le séisme principal eut lieu à 5 h 12 du matin le long de la faille de San Andreas. La terre frémit. High-intensity shaking was felt from Eureka on the North Coast to the Salinas Valley, an agricultural region to the south of the San Francisco Bay Area.  Within three days, over 30 fires, caused by ruptured gas mains, destroyed approximately 25,000 buildings on 490 city blocks. The Metropolitan Opera Company lost all of its traveling sets and costumes in the earthquake and ensuing fires. San Francisco en ruines Le 18 avril 1906, à 5h15 heure locale, un violent séisme frappe la ville de San Francisco , en Californie.  It has been estimated that up to 90% of the total destruction was the result of the subsequent fires. The San Andreas Fault has unleashed a shockwave felt from Los Angeles to Oregon, with the epicenter just off the coast of San Francisco. Chinatown was rebuilt in the newer, modern, Western form that exists today. On July 1, 1906, non-military authorities assumed responsibility for relief efforts, and the Army withdrew from the city. Individual citizens and businesses donated large sums of money for the relief effort: Standard Oil gave $100,000; Andrew Carnegie gave $100,000; the Dominion of Canada made a special appropriation of $100,000 and even the Bank of Canada in Ottawa gave $25,000.  The shaking intensity as described on the Modified Mercalli intensity scale reached XI (Extreme) in San Francisco and areas to the north like Santa Rosa where destruction was devastating. More than 3,000 people died. , The grandeur of citywide reconstruction schemes required investment from Eastern monetary sources, hence the spin and de-emphasis of the earthquake, the promulgation of the tough new building codes, and subsequent reputation sensitive actions such as the official low death toll. The quake was followed by a massive fire that swept from the business section near Montgomery Street and the South of Market district toward Russian Hill, Chinatown, North Beach, and Telegraph Hill. 5:12 AM - April 18, 1906 . Around 500 city blocks with 28,000 buildings were destroyed during this devastating natural catastrophe.  City fathers likewise attempted at the time to eliminate the Chinese population and export Chinatown (and other poor populations) to the edge of the county where the Chinese could still contribute to the local taxbase. Damage from the San Francisco earthquake of 1906. A Guidebook to Tracing the Fault on Public Lands in the San Francisco Bay Region. The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake. Until 1906, the school faculty had provided care at the City-County Hospital (now the San Francisco General Hospital), but did not have a hospital of its own. Le séisme et l’incendie de 1906 à San Francisco Le 18 avril 1906, à 5 heures 12, un violent tremblement de terre secouait brutalement la ville de San Francisco. The earthquake struck at 5:12 a.m. San Francisco, with thousands of unreinforced brick buildings, and closely-spaced wooden Victorian dwellings, was poorly prepared for a major fire. , For example, real estate investors and other land owners were against the idea due to the large amount of land the city would have to purchase to realize such proposals. Some property owners deliberately set fire to damaged properties, to claim them on their insurance. It was pressed ahead mainly by re-insurers. Chilling post-earthquake footage, shot in the Western Addition and on Market Street in San Francisco. San Francisco, film musical sorti en 1936. , The 1908 Lawson Report, a study of the 1906 quake led and edited by Professor Andrew Lawson of the University of California, showed that the same San Andreas Fault which had caused the disaster in San Francisco ran close to Los Angeles as well.  The insurance payments heavily affected the international financial system. , Eleven survivors of the 1906 earthquake attended the centennial commemorations in 2006, including Irma Mae Weule (May 11, 1899 – August 8, 2008), who was the oldest survivor of the quake at the time of her death in August 2008, aged 109. Les secousses furent ressenties de l'Oregon à … Clutching an autographed photo of President Theodore Roosevelt, Caruso made an effort to get out of the city, first by boat and then by train, and vowed never to return to San Francisco. ", The earthquake was crucial in the development of the University of California, San Francisco and its medical facilities. nécessaire]3, et son épicentre se situait à 12,1 km à l'ouest de San Francisco sur le système de faille se trouvant au large des côtes4. Just after 5:00 am on April 18, a noise "like the roar of 10,000 lions" rose as the entire city began to tremble and shake. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/San-Francisco-earthquake-of-1906, USGS Earthquake Hazards Program - The Great 1906 San Francisco Earthquake, San Francisco earthquake of 1906 - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Plusieurs secousses de magnitude 8,5 sur l'échelle de Richter soulèvent le sol à plusieurs reprises. The death toll remains the greatest loss of life from a natural disaster in California's history and high on the lists of American disasters. , Political and business leaders strongly downplayed the effects of the earthquake, fearing loss of outside investment in the city which was badly needed to rebuild. The most important characteristic of the shaking intensity noted in Andrew Lawson's (1908) report was the clear correlation of intensity with underlying geologic conditions. Leaking gas was the catalyst for fires that quickly spread throughout the city and the lack of water made fire fighting a challenge. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. At 5:12 a.m. the city was… We want information on everyone who was here at … The camps were then re-used as garages, storage spaces or shops. The building was completed in 1861; it was one of the very old hotels. , Major earthquake that struck San Francisco and the coast of Northern California, "San Francisco earthquake" redirects here. Following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, more than 40,000 people were relocated to a makeshift tent city in Golden Gate Park and were treated by the faculty of the Affiliated Colleges. On the morning of April 18, 1906, a massive earthquake shook San Francisco, California. Reconstruction was swift, and largely completed by 1915, in time for the 1915 Panama–Pacific International Exposition which celebrated the reconstruction of the city and its "rise from the ashes". The largest aftershock happened at 01:10 PST on April 23, west of Eureka, California, with an estimated magnitude of about 6.7 MI , with another of the same size more than three years later at 22:45 PST on October 28 near Cape Mendocino. 1906 San Francisco Earthquake. Its president also immediately chartered and financed the sending of two ships to return with shiploads of lumber from Washington and Oregon mills which provided the initial reconstruction materials and surge. Since 1915, the city has officially commemorated the disaster each year by gathering the remaining survivors at Lotta's Fountain, a fountain in the city's financial district that served as a meeting point during the disaster for people to look for loved ones and exchange information.
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