[18] One of these, a pavilion for the Paris Gas Company, was Eiffel's first collaboration with Stephen Sauvestre, who was later to become the head of the company's architectural office. The business was successful enough for Catherine Eiffel to sell it in 1843 and retire on the proceeds. Wife of Camille Vincent Emmanuel Piccioni Death: July 08, 1941 (67) Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France. Every night, 20,000 bulbs light up the Eiffel Tower, creating the famous evening skyline we all know so well. A number of different types were produced, ranging from footbridges to standard-gauge railway bridges. At 2.35 Eiffel hoisted a large tricolour, to the accompaniment of a 25-gun salute fired from the lower level.[30]. In May 1884 Koechlin, working at his home, made an outline drawing of their scheme, described by him as "a great pylon, consisting of four lattice girders standing apart at the base and coming together at the top, joined together by metal trusses at regular intervals". [16] The station in Budapest was an innovative design. The French Panama Canal Company, headed by Ferdinand de Lesseps, had been attempting to build a sea-level canal, but came to the realization that this was impractical. Although no more than 250 men were employed on the site, a prodigious amount of exacting preparatory work was entailed: the drawing office produced 1,700 general drawings and 3,629 detail drawings of the 18,038 different parts needed. Gustave Eiffel. This was less than a quarter of the estimated cost of six and a half million francs. Immediate Family: Daughter of Gustave Eiffel and Marguerite Gaudelet. As well as exhibiting models and drawings of work undertaken by the company, Eiffel was also responsible for the construction of several of the exhibition buildings. Eiffel died on 27 December 1923, while listening to Beethoven's 5th symphony andante, in his mansion on Rue Rabelais in Paris, France. Because his name is inextricably linked to that too-famous symbol of Paris, Gustave Eiffel rarely gets credit for the many other feats of civil engineering that made him one of the greatest innovators of his time. The price quoted by Eiffel was FF.965,000, far below the nearest competitor and so he was given the job, although since his company was less experienced than his rivals the Portuguese authorities appointed a committee to report on Eiffel et Cie's suitability. In order to carry out this work, Eiffel and Henri Treca, the director of the Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers,[14] conducted valuable research on the structural properties of cast iron, definitively establishing the modulus of elasticity applicable to compound castings. This completes the purpose of the association which is to make Gustave Eiffel known to a wide audience. Genealogy profile for Valentine Eugénie Eiffel Valentine Eugénie Jeanne Alexandrine Eiffel (1870 - 1966) - Genealogy Genealogy for Valentine Eugénie Jeanne Alexandrine Eiffel (1870 - 1966) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Gustave Eiffel, ancien élève de l'Ecole Centrale de Paris 1832-1923; Marie Gaudelet 1845-1877 Union(s) et enfant(s) ... Valentine Eiffel 1870-1965: Auteur de cet arbre : Jean Pierre de PALMAS . This was greater than the longest arch span which had been built at the time. No drilling or shaping was done on site: if any part did not fit it was sent back to the factory for alteration. Laure EIFFEL 1864-1958 Mariée en 1884 avecMaurice LE GRAIN Edouard EIFFEL 1866-1933 Valentine EIFFEL 1870-1965 Mariée le 23 janvier 1890, Église Saint-François de Sales - Paris, 75017, Paris, France, avec Camille PICCIONI 1859-1932 Elevé dans la mémoire directe du grand homme dès sa naissance, Philippe Coupérie Eiffel, sous l’impulsion de sa mère Florence Coupérie, l’ainée de la branche Valentine Valentine EIFFEL, a fondé avec sa sœur Virginie, l’association des Amis de Gustave Eiffel. The dome, with a diameter of 22.4 m (73 ft), was the largest in the world when built and used an ingenious bearing device: rather than running on wheels or rollers, it was supported by a ring-shaped hollow girder floating in a circular trough containing a solution of magnesium chloride in water. [20] To assist him in the work he took on several people who were to play important roles in the design and construction of the Eiffel Tower, including Maurice Koechlin, a young graduate of the Zurich Polytechnikum, who was engaged to undertake calculations and make drawings, and Émile Nouguier, who had previously worked for Eiffel on the construction of the Douro bridge. Choose from thousands of Alexandre Gustave Eiffel artworks. [7] The family adopted the name Eiffel as a reference to the Eifel mountains in the region from which they had come. Parents: Alexandre Gustave Eiffel Gustave Eiffel Bönickhausen Eiffel, Geneviève Emilie Marie, dite Marguerite Eiffel (née Eiffel Gaudelet) Siblings: Claire Salles (née Eiffel), Laure Le Grain (née Eiffel), Valentine Piccioni (née Eiffel), Albert Eiffel. Eiffel's proposal was for a bridge whose deck was supported by five iron piers, with the abutments of the pair on the river bank also bearing a central supporting arch. Gustave Eiffel : un ingénieur passionné. Le site www.famille-eiffel.com est un hommage appuyé à Valentine Piccioni-Eiffel la fille de Gustave Eiffel,son arrière grand mère. Little happened until the beginning of 1886, but with the re-election of Jules Grévy as President and his appointment of Edouard Lockroy as Minister for Trade decisions began to be made. Immediate Family: Son of Gustave Eiffel and Marguerite Gaudelet. Légion d'Honneur : Parrain demandéet qui accepte = Père nourricier Sister of Laure Jeanne Eiffel; Edouard Eiffel; Valentine Eiffel and Albert Eiffel. An important part in his education was played by his uncle, Jean-Baptiste Mollerat, who had invented a process for distilling vinegar and had a large chemical works near Dijon, and one of his uncle's friends, the chemist Michel Perret. [43], Alexandre Gustave Bonickhausen dit Eiffel, État-civil de la Côte-d'Or, Dijon, Registres d'état civil 1832, p. 249, Charles Braibant, Histoire de la Tour Eiffel, Paris 1964, p. 35, "The Death of a Great Pioneer: Gustav Eiffel Passes Away", "Future of Poland's one and only "Eiffel" Bridge unclear", "Page d'accueil | Association des descendants de Gustave Eiffel", Retour à la liste des extraits des bulletins de l'ADGE, Official website of the Association of the Descendants of Gustave Eiffel (in English), Gustave Eiffel: The Man Behind the Masterpiece, Einsturz der Birsbrücke bei Münchenstein (Basel), Statue of Liberty play (American football), Conservation-restoration of the Statue of Liberty, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gustave_Eiffel&oldid=991058658, Pages using infobox person with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Synagogue in Rue de Pasarelles, Paris (1867), Aérodynamique EIFFEL (wind tunnel), Paris (Auteuil), France (1911), Clock Tower, Monte Cristi, Dominican Republic, The Railway Bridge over the Coura river in. The design of the Eiffel Tower was originated by Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, who had discussed ideas for a centrepiece for the 1889 Exposition Universelle. Gustave Eiffel s’est marié en 1862 à l’âge de 30 ans, à Dijon, à Marguerite Gaudelet. The task was a demanding one: the river was fast-flowing, up to 20 m (66 ft) deep, and had a bed formed of a deep layer of gravel which made the construction of piers on the river bed impossible, and so the bridge had to have a central span of 160 m (520 ft). This gave ammunition to his critics, and lurid headlines including "Eiffel Suicide!" They had five children: Claire, born on 19 August 1863, Laure, Édouard, Valentine, and the youngest, Albert, born in August 1873. The enhanced idea gained Eiffel's support for the project, and he bought the rights to the patent on the design which Koechlin, Nougier and Sauvestre had taken out. The same year Eiffel started work on a system of standardised prefabricated bridges, an idea that was the result of a conversation with the governor of Cochin-China. The components, some already riveted together into sub-assemblies, were first bolted together, the bolts being replaced by rivets as construction progressed. [9] These used a small number of standard components, all small enough to be readily transportable in areas with poor or non-existent roads, and were joined together using bolts rather than rivets, reducing the need for skilled labour on site. Valentine (1870-1966) a eu deux enfants, Marcel et Jean. His contribution to the science of aerodynamics is probably of equal importance to his work as an engineer. [29] At this stage a small "creeper" crane was installed in each leg, designed to move up the tower as construction progressed and making use of the guides for the elevators which were to be fitted in each leg. The main structural work was completed at the end of March, and on the 31st Eiffel celebrated this by leading a group of government officials, accompanied by representatives of the press, to the top of the tower. Work on the foundations started on 28 January 1887. Gustave eiffel par Mathieu Ferret - Guillaume Biasse aux éditions Quelle histoire. Born: 15-Dec-1832 Birthplace: Dijon, France Died: 27-Dec-1923 Location of death: Paris, France Cause of death: Natural Causes Remains: Buried, Cimetière de Levallois-Perret, Paris, France Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Architect Nationality: France Executive summary: Designer of Eiffel Tower After his retirement from engineering, Eiffel focused on research into meteorology and aerodynamics, making significant contributions in both fields. Wife of Jean Adolphe Salles. and "Gustave Eiffel has gone mad: he has been confined in an Asylum" appeared in the popular press. At the time of Gustave's birth his father, an ex-soldier, was working as an administrator for the French Army; but shortly after his birth his mother expanded a charcoal business she had inherited from her parents to include a coal-distribution business, and soon afterwards his father gave up his job to assist her. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel … The tower had been a subject of some controversy, attracting criticism both from those who did not believe it feasible and from those who objected on artistic grounds. Eiffel devised a structure consisting of a four legged pylon to support the copper sheeting which made up the body of the statue. In order to precisely align the legs so that the connecting girders could be put into place, a provision had been made to enable precise adjustments by placing hydraulic jacks in the footings for each of the girders making up the legs. In his speech at the presentation of the medal, Alexander Graham Bell said:[39], ...his writings upon the resistance of the air have already become classical. Each of these slabs supported a limestone block, each with an inclined top to bear the supporting shoe for the ironwork. On 6 October 1868 he entered into partnership with Théophile Seyrig, like Eiffel a graduate of the École Centrale, forming the company Eiffel et Cie. Due to his mother's business commitments, Gustave spent his childhood living with his grandmother, but nevertheless remained close to his mother, who was to remain an influential figure until her death in 1878. He was born on December 15, 1832 in Dijon, France and died on December 27, 1923 in Rue Rabelais, Paris at the age of 91. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Gustave «La Tour» EIFFEL, Ingénieur des Arts et Manufactures 1832-1923 : Geneviève Emilie M GAUDELET 1845-1877 | | | Valentine EIFFEL 1870-1966: Section Beaux-Arts : Elève=Filsélevé, et Pèrenourricier=Maître. Gustave EIFFEL, Geneviève,Emilie,Marie dite Marguerite EIFFEL (née GAUDELET), Claire EIFFEL, Laure EIFFEL, Edouard EIFFEL, Albert EIFFEL, Jan 25 1870 - Levallois-Perret, Hauts-de-Seine, Ile-de-France, France, June 9 1966 - Paris, Ile-de-France, France, Alexandre Gustave Eiffel Gustave Eiffel Bönickhausen Eiffel, Geneviève Emilie Marie, dite Marguerite Eiffel (née Eiffel Gaudelet), Claire Salles (née Eiffel), Laure Le Grain (née Eiffel), Edouard Eiffel, Albert Eiffel, Jan 25 1870 - Levallois-Perret, 92300, Hauts-de-Seine, Île-de-France, FRANCE, Gustave Alexandre EIFFEL, Genevieve Emilie EIFFEL (née GAUDELET), Claire SALLES (née EIFFEL), Laure LE GRAIN (née EIFFEL), Edouard EIFFEL, Albert EIFFEL, 1870 - Dijon, Côte-d'Or, Bourgogne, France, Alexandre Guztave Bonieckausen Eiffel, Genievive Marie Marie Ditte Margaguerite Eiffel (nacida Gaudelette), Camille Vincent Emanuelli Piccioni Lucchetti, Jean Piccioni Eiffel, Rosine Piccioni Eiffel, Florence Piccioni Eiffell, Marcel Piccioni Eiffell, Feb 25 1870 - Levallois-Perret, Seine, France, Alexandre Gustave Eiffel Bönickhausen, Geneviève Marguerite Émilie Marie Eiffel, ...Léon Alexandre Eiffel, Claire Marie Françoise Alexandrine Eiffel, Laure Jeanne Catherine Alexandrine Eiffel, Joseph Alexandre Édouard Eiffel, Jan 25 1870 - Levallois-Perret, Hauts-de-Seine, Île-de-France, France, June 9 1966 - Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France, Alexandre Gustave Eiffel-eiffel, Geneviève Emilie Marie Marguerite Eiffel-eiffel (née Gaudelet), Claire Salles (née Eiffel), Laure Le Grain, Edouard Eiffel, Albert Eiffel, Jan 25 1870 - Levallois-Perret, Seine, France, Alexandre Gustave Bönickhausen Eiffel, Geneviève Emilie Marie Marguerite Bönickhausen Eiffel (born Gaudelet), Marcel Paul Gustave Piccioni, Jean Marie Vincent Piccioni, ...Alexandre Édouard Eiffel, Laure Jeanne Catherine Alexandrine Le Grain (born Eiffel), Claire Marie Françoise Alexandrine Salles (born Eiffel), Gustave Eiffel, Genevieve Emilie Marie Dite Marguerite Eiffel (née Gaudelet), Claire Eiffel, Laure Eiffel, Edouard Eiffel, Albert Eiffel, Levallois-Perret, Hauts-de-Seine, Île-de-France, France, Sèvres, Hauts-de-Seine, Île-de-France, France, Valentine Eugeníe Alexandrine Piccioni Lucchetti (born Eiffel Goudelet), Valentine Eugénie Jeanne Alexandrine Piccioni (born Eiffel Bönickhausen), Valentine Eugénie Jeanne Alexandrine Piccioni (born Eiffel). [10] During his second year he chose to specialize in chemistry, and graduated ranking at 13th place out of 80 candidates in 1855. This had been patented by Eiffel in 1881. Actions to protect the bridge were taken as early as 2002 by the "Association of the Descendants of Gustave Eiffel",[42] joined from 2005 onwards by the Association "Sauvons la Passerelle Eiffel" (Save the Eiffel Bridge). Mother of Jean Piccioni and Marcel Piccioni FOLLOW LINK http://chezdudu.lo.gs/taphophilie-corse-a117903734 [15] His first important commission was for two viaducts for the railway line between Lyon and Bordeaux, and the company also began to undertake work in other countries, including the church of San Marcos in Arica, Chile, which was an all-metal prefabricated building, manufactured in France and shipped to South America in pieces to be assembled on site. Les descendants de Valentine, fille de Gustave Eiffel, vont mettre aux enchères à Paris le 18 avril l’unique reproduction du canon de la Tour Eiffel qui jusqu’en 1914 sonnait midi pile, a-t-on appris mardi auprès de la maison de ventes Christie’s. Eiffel's importance as an engineer was twofold. The wind tunnel was used to investigate the characteristics of the airfoil sections used by the early pioneers of aviation such as the Wright Brothers, Gabriel Voisin and Louis Blériot. Gustave Eiffel est connu dans le monde entier pour la tour qui porte son nom. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel is his full name. Eiffel’s Other Masterpieces. Eiffel's reputation was badly damaged when he was implicated in the financial and political scandal which followed. [37] Eiffel's interest in these areas was a consequence of the problems he had encountered with the effects of wind forces on the structures he had built. These were constructed with the aid of compressed air caissons and hydraulic rams, both innovative techniques at the time. Using this Eiffel definitely established that the air resistance of a body was very closely related to the square of the airspeed. These shoes were anchored by bolts 10 cm (4 in) in diameter and 7.5 m (25 ft) long. By June construction had reached the second level platform, and on Bastille Day this was used for a fireworks display, and Eiffel held a celebratory banquet for the press on the first level platform. After discussing the technical problems and emphasising the practical uses of the tower, he finished his talk by saying that the tower would symbolise[24].mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, "not only the art of the modern engineer, but also the century of Industry and Science in which we are living, and for which the way was prepared by the great scientific movement of the eighteenth century and by the Revolution of 1789, to which this monument will be built as an expression of France's gratitude.". This was the most important building in a complex designed by Charles Garnier, later among the most prominent critics of the Tower. Tu le connais pour sa fameuse Tour Eiffel, symbole de la ville de Paris, mais Ghenh Bridge and Rach Cat Bridge in Bien Hoa city, Santa Efigênia Viaduct, São Paulo, Brazil (1913), Dam on Great Bačka Canal, Bečej, Vojvodina, Serbia (1900), Casa del Cura (also called Casa Eiffel), in, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 01:23. [19] Sa grande Dame de fer fête ses 130 ans cette année, mais c'est un héritage beaucoup plus vaste et méconnu que nous laisse Gustave Eiffel. He is best known for the world-famous Eiffel Tower, built for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, and his contribution to building the Statue of Liberty in New York. Gustave Eiffel married Marguerite Gaudelet in 1862 at the age of 30, in Dijon. After this brief pause erection of the metalwork continued, and the critical operation of linking the four legs was successfully completed by March 1888. Nos partenaires. [21], In 1881 Eiffel was contacted by Auguste Bartholdi who was in need of an engineer to help him to realise the Statue of Liberty. This was the year that Paris hosted the second World's Fair, and Eiffel was bought a season ticket by his mother[11], After graduation, Eiffel had hoped to find work in his uncle's workshop in Dijon, but a family dispute made this impossible. Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) a eu cinq enfants : Claire, Laure, Edouard, Valentine et Albert. In 1887, Eiffel became involved with the French effort to construct a canal across the Panama Isthmus. After his retirement from the Compagnie des Etablissements Eiffel, Eiffel went on to do important work in meteorology and aerodynamics. The entire statue was erected at the Eiffel works in Paris before being dismantled and shipped to the United States.[22]. Eiffel went on to attend the Collège Sainte-Barbe in Paris, to prepare for the difficult entrance exams set by engineering colleges in France, and qualified for entry to two of the most prestigious schools – École polytechnique and École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures – and ultimately entered the latter. After a few months working as an unpaid assistant to his brother-in-law, who managed a foundry, Eiffel approached the railway engineer Charles Nepveu, who gave Eiffel his first paid job as his private secretary. [8] Eiffel was not a studious child, and thought his classes at the Lycée Royal in Dijon boring and a waste of time, although in his last two years, influenced by his teachers for history and literature, he began to study seriously, and he gained his baccalauréats in humanities and science. He was a descendant of Jean-René Bönickhausen, who had emigrated from the German town of Marmagen and settled in Paris at the beginning of the 18th century. Most of the party chose to stop at the lower levels, but a few, including Nouguier, Compagnon, the President of the City Council and reporters from Le Figaro and Le Monde Illustré completed the climb. Eiffel had meteorological measuring equipment placed on the tower in 1889, and also built a weather station at his house in Sèvres. [23] Initially Eiffel showed little enthusiasm, although he did sanction further study of the project, and the two engineers then asked Stephen Sauvestre to add architectural embellishments. Fondé en 2008, l’Association des Amis de Gustave Eiffel a pour but de faire vivre la mémoire de Gustave Eiffel. Work on the foundations was complete by 30 June and the erection of the iron work was started. Eiffel's principal job was to draw up the arch girders of the Galerie des Machines. Both men spent a lot of time with the young Eiffel, teaching him about everything from chemistry and mining to theology and philosophy. On 9 February 1893 Eiffel was found guilty on the charge of misuse of funds, and was fined 20,000 francs and sentenced to two years in prison,[33] although he was acquitted on appeal. [6] He was a descendant of Jean-René Bönickhausen, who had emigrated from the German town of Marmagen and settled in Paris at the beginning of the 18th century. They have given engineers the data for designing and constructing flying machines upon sound, scientific principles. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born in France, in the Côte-d'Or, the first child of Catherine-Mélanie (née Moneuse) and Alexandre Bonickhausen dit Eiffel. [17] The plan was changed to one using locks, which Eiffel was contracted to design and build. "[35] The company changed its name to La Société Constructions Levallois-Perret, with Maurice Koechlin as managing director. [37], A number of works of Gustave Eiffel are in danger today.